An eye disease that affects the center of the retina called the macula, macular degeneration is characterized by a breaking down of the pigmented layer of the eye, causing vision loss in the central vision. There are two different types, which include:

Dry (non-neovascular) – An early form of macular degeneration, this type is characterized by the macular tissues being thinned with age.

Wet (neovascular) – A later stage of the disease, wet AMD is often a result of dry AMD progressing into a more severe form of macular degeneration, which eventually results in vision loss.

Signs and Symptoms

While the vision loss in most cases is both slow and painless, it is still a permanent loss. Early symptoms begin to show up as distorted, shadowy vision, or blurred vision, warping of straight lines, and dark spots, specifically in your central vision.

Many times, however, your eye doctor can detect early signs of the disease before you even notice any change in your vision.

Causes

Macular degeneration has been linked to both age and genetics, as well as an association with oxygen-starved and deteriorating cells.

Treatment

While the damage caused by macular degeneration cannot be reversed with our modern technology and there isn’t any cure as of now, there are treatment options available that will slow the progress of both types of AMD, as well as work to prevent dry macular degeneration from progressing into wet.

The only way to diagnose Macular Degeneration is through a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Call or click to schedule your exam today.

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