Cataracts and other eye conditions, such as glaucoma, are familiar words to those who have elderly friends or family members. However, what do these conditions really mean for us and for the elderly loved ones in our life. Read more about glaucoma and stay right here to learn about the basics of cataracts. 

Cataracts: What You Need to Know

Cataracts is a vision condition caused by a clouding of the lens of the eye. Though eye doctors still aren’t sure what causes cataracts, they understand that it usually occurs in older adults, and certain risk factors and health conditions can make individuals more susceptible to developing this condition. 

Symptoms

Though some children and those with traumatic eye conditions can develop cataracts, it is usually a common condition that adults over the age of 60 develop. Symptoms of the disease include: 

  • Cloudy, foggy vision
  •  Nearsightedness (in older people)
  • Changes in how you see color
  • Glare during night driving
  • Glare during the day
  • Double vision
  • Glasses or contacts not working well 

Treatment

Unlike glaucoma, surgery can help to recover vision loss. However, before attempting surgery, an eye doctor can prescribe glasses or contacts to help a person suffering from cataracts enjoy better vision. Surgery is best for those whose eyesight has deteriorated to the point that it affects their daily lives. 

How Can I Prevent Cataracts?

Because the root cause of cataracts is yet unknown, it can not be said how to prevent cataracts. But, a healthy lifestyle could reduce some risk factors like: 

  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • High alcohol consumption
  • And others

Also, seeing your eye doctor regularly can help you to know what your eyes need to be healthy and to enjoy crisp vision — as well as peace of mind. Adults under age 50 should see their eye doctor every two years and those over 60 should see their doctor annually. If you have a condition that may put you at risk of developing cataracts or other vision problems, it might be best to see your doctor more often. 

To learn more about cataracts or to schedule an appointment for high-quality, affordable eye care in Charleston, South Carolina, visit our website!